Amazonas, largest estado (state) of Brazil, situated in the northwestern part of the country. It is bounded to the northwest by Colombia, to the north by Venezuela and the Brazilian state of Roraima, to the east and southeast by the Brazilian states of Pará and Mato Grosso, to the south by the Brazilian state of Rondônia, to the southwest by the Brazilian state of Acre, and to the west by Peru.
Amazonas is named after the Amazon River, and was formerly part of the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru, a region called Spanish Guyana. It was settled by the Portuguese in the early 18th century and incorporated into the Portuguese empire after the Treaty of Madrid in 1750. It became a state of the Brazilian Republic in 1889.
Amazon River the greatest river of South America and the largest drainage system in the world in terms of the volume of its flow and the area of its basin. The total length of the river—as measured from the headwaters of the Ucayali-Apurímac river system in southern Peru—is at least 4,000 miles (6,400 km), which makes it slightly shorter than the Nile River but still the equivalent of the distance from New York City to Rome.
The Amazon Rainforest is a humid broadleaf forest that covers the Amazon Basin in South America. The Amazon Rainforest is representative of half of the world’s remaining forested terrain and most of it (60%) is in Brazil with the remainder shared between Peru, Columbia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Guyana, Ecuador, French Guiana and Suriname. The Amazon Rainforest is the most expansive varied tropical rain forest in the world.
Jaú National Park
The Jaú National Park (‘Parque Nacional do Jaú’) is in the heart of the Amazon rainforest in the Amazonas state of Brazil.
It is the largest forest reserve in South America, covering an area over 6 million acres (23,000 km²). Entry into the park is restricted; express permission from the Brazilian government is required to enter the reserve.
The park is a good example of tropical rainforest conservation in the Amazon. Its forests, lakes and channels are a “constantly evolving aquatic mosaic that is home to the largest array of electric fish in the world”. The site protects key threatened species, including giant arapaima fish, the Amazonian manatee, the black caiman and two species of river dolphin and the jaguar. There are many other species of animals and plants.
Pico da Neblina
Pico da Neblina is the highest mountain found throughout all of Brazil. It stands at a height of 9,823 feet (2,994 m) above sea level and translated into English means, ‘Peak of the Mists’. Just like the name suggests, the top of the mountain is usually found to be cloaked in dense clouds throughout most of the year.
Within these national parks and throughout various parts of the mountain, there is a rich and vibrant flora and fauna life within. Because of its location near the Amazon, there are still untouched and untamed natural parts where the particular plant life and animal life are impressively diverse and tropical. For example, there are over 215 species of hard-wood trees, a growing population of orchids, bromeliads and so much more found within the lands of Pico da Neblina.